What is Disability?
Disability is defined as a physical, sensory, learning, mental health or emotional impairment that affects someone’s ability to take part in normal day-to-day activities. You may have been born with a disability or you may have developed it at some point during your life
There are around 400,000 people have disabilities in the Republic of Ireland; that’s about 10% of the population. In Northern Ireland, about 201,000 people have disabilities. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that 1 billion people (over 15% of the world’s population) have a disability of some form.
People with disabilities play a big part in our communities, but are often excluded from educational, working and social possibilities that others take for granted. They are also more likely to have to deal with poverty.
Types of Disabilities
- Organisms in your body that cause or might cause a chronic disease.
- Malfunction, malformation or disfigurement of your body.
- Malfunction or a condition that means you learn differently to others.
- Loss or limited use of your senses, such as sight, hearing, smell or touch.
- A condition, illness or disease that affects your thoughts, perception of reality, emotions, judgment or causes disturbed behaviour.
- There are many different disabilities and each can affect life in a different way.
- Absence (total or part) of your body or mental functions. This includes the absence of a part of your body.